期刊论文详细信息
The British Journal of Nutrition
Low birth weight is associated with increased fat intake in school-aged boys
Robert D. Levitan^6^71  Adrianne R. Bischoff^12  Patrícia P. Silveira^83  Narendra Arora^54  André K. Portella^25  Roberta Dalle Molle^46  Catherine Paquet^37  Aida Faber^28 
[1]Centre for Addition and Mental Health (CAMH),Toronto,ON, M6J 1H4,Canada^7
[2]Department of Pediatrics,Division of Neonatology,Hospital for Sick Children,University of Toronto,Toronto,ON, M5G 1X8,Canada^1
[3]Department of Psychiatry,McGill University,Montreal,QC, H3A 1A1,Canada^8
[4]Institute of Medical Science,University of Toronto,ON, M5S 1A8,Canada,^6
[5]McGill Center for the Convergence of Health and Economics,McGill University,Montreal,QC, H3A 1G5,Canada^2
[6]Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde da Criança e do Adolescente,Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul,Porto Alegre, RS, 90035003,Brazil^4
[7]School of Health Sciences,Centre for Population Health Research,University of South Australia,Adelaide, SA 5001,Australia^3
[8]The INCLEN Trust,New Delhi, 110020,India^5
关键词: Birth weight;    Parental food rules;    Fat preference;    Thrifty eating phenotype;    Thrifty phenotype;   
DOI  :  10.1017/S0007114518000892
Subject:61.3
来源: Cambridge University Press
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【 摘 要 】
Evidence suggests that both high and low birth weight children have increased the risk for obesity and the metabolic syndrome in adulthood. Previously we have found altered feeding behaviour and food preferences in pre-school children and adults born with low birth weight. In this study, we investigated if birth weight was associated with different intake of fat, carbohydrate and/or protein at 6–12 years of age. This is a cross-sectional study where 255 guardians answered online and telephone questions including anthropometrics and demographic data, parental family food rules (food control, encouragement and restriction) and a complete web-based FFQ for their children (130 boys and 125 girls). Baseline demographic and parental food rules characteristics did not differ accordingly to sex. Linear regression models were conducted separately for each sex, adjusted for income, age and maternal age. There were no differences in total energy intake, but energy density (ED, energy content/g) was negatively associated with birth weight in boys. Macronutrient analysis showed that ED intake was from a greater intake of fat. Birth weight was not a significant predictor of protein and carbohydrate intake in boys. In girls, we saw a positive correlation between fat intake and cholesterol intake v. birth weight, but no association with ED intake (results did not remain after adjustment). The study shows that low birth weight is associated with altered fat intake in childhood in a sex-specific manner. It is likely that biological factors such as fetal programming of homoeostatic and/or hedonic pathways influencing food preferences are involved in this process.
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