We describe analytical methods for the design of the discrete elements of ultralight lattice structures. This modular, building block strategy allows for relatively simple element manufacturing, as well as relatively simple robotic assembly of low mass density structures on orbit, with potential for disassembly and reassembly into highly varying and large structures. This method also results in a structure that is easily navigable by relatively small mobile robots. The geometry of the cell can allow for high packing efficiency to minimize wasted payload volume while maximizing structural performance and constructability. We describe the effect of geometry choices on the final system mechanical properties and automated robotic constructability of a final system. Geometric properties considered include number of attachments per voxel, number of attachments per coefficient of volume, and effects of vertex, edge, and face connectivity of the unit cell. Mechanical properties considered include strength scaling, modulus scaling, and packing efficiency of the lattice. Automated constructibility metrics include volume allowance for an end-effector, strut clearance angle for an end-effector, and packing efficiency. These metrics were applied to six lattice unit cell geometries: cube, cuboctahedron, octahedron, octet, rhombic dodecahedron, and truncated octahedron. A case study is presented to determine the most suitable lattice system for a specific set of strength and modulus scaling requirements while optimizing for ease of robotic assembly.