科技报告详细信息
Experimental Validation of Lightning-Induced Electromagnetic (Indirect) Coupling to Short Monopole Antennas
Crull, E W ; Brown Jr., C G ; Perkins, M P ; Ong, M M
关键词: ANTENNAS;    ELECTRIC FIELDS;    LIGHTNING;    MONOPOLES;    NUCLEAR WEAPONS;    SAFETY;    SHAPE;    SIMULATION;    VALIDATION;   
DOI  :  10.2172/945757
RP-ID  :  LLNL-TR-405954
PID  :  OSTI ID: 945757
Others  :  TRN: US200904%%144
Subject:71.1
美国|英语
来源: SciTech Connect
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【 摘 要 】
For short monopoles in this low-power case, it has been shown that a simple circuit model is capable of accurate predictions for the shape and magnitude of the antenna response to lightning-generated electric field coupling effects, provided that the elements of the circuit model have accurate values. Numerical EM simulation can be used to provide more accurate values for the circuit elements than the simple analytical formulas, since the analytical formulas are used outside of their region of validity. However, even with the approximate analytical formulas the simple circuit model produces reasonable results, which would improve if more accurate analytical models were used. This report discusses the coupling analysis approaches taken to understand the interaction between a time-varying EM field and a short monopole antenna, within the context of lightning safety for nuclear weapons at DOE facilities. It describes the validation of a simple circuit model using laboratory study in order to understand the indirect coupling of energy into a part, and the resulting voltage. Results show that in this low-power case, the circuit model predicts peak voltages within approximately 32% using circuit component values obtained from analytical formulas and about 13% using circuit component values obtained from numerical EM simulation. We note that the analytical formulas are used outside of their region of validity. First, the antenna is insulated and not a bare wire and there are perhaps fringing field effects near the termination of the outer conductor that the formula does not take into account. Also, the effective height formula is for a monopole directly over a ground plane, while in the time-domain measurement setup the monopole is elevated above the ground plane by about 1.5-inch (refer to Figure 5).
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