科技报告详细信息
Identification and Assessment of Material Models for Age-Related Degradation of Structures and Passive Components in Nuclear Power Plants
Nie,J. ; Braverman, J. ; Hofmayer, C. ; Kim, M. K. ; Choi, I-K.
关键词: AGING;    BNL;    COMMUNICATIONS;    CONCRETES;    CONSTRUCTION;    EVALUATION;    KAERI;    NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS;    RISK ASSESSMENT;    SAFETY;    STEELS nuclear energy;    seismic;    probablistic risk assessment;    age-related degradation;    fragility;   
DOI  :  10.2172/952521
RP-ID  :  BNL--82249-2009
PID  :  OSTI ID: 952521
Others  :  R&D Project: 87014
Others  :  Other: 600301020
Others  :  TRN: US0902704
Subject:72.5|53.6|84.1
美国|英语
来源: SciTech Connect
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【 摘 要 】
When performing seismic safety assessments of nuclear power plants (NPPs), the potential effects of age-related degradation on structures, systems, and components (SSCs) should be considered. To address the issue of aging degradation, the Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI) has embarked on a five-year research project to develop a realistic seismic risk evaluation system which will include the consideration of aging of structures and components in NPPs. Three specific areas that are included in the KAERI research project, related to seismic probabilistic risk assessment (PRA), are probabilistic seismic hazard analysis, seismic fragility analysis including the effects of aging, and a plant seismic risk analysis. To support the development of seismic capability evaluation technology for degraded structures and components, KAERI entered into a collaboration agreement with Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) in 2007. The collaborative research effort is intended to continue over a five year period with the goal of developing seismic fragility analysis methods that consider the potential effects of age-related degradation of SSCs, and using these results as input to seismic PRAs. In the Year 1 scope of work BNL collected and reviewed degradation occurrences in US NPPs and identified important aging characteristics needed for the seismic capability evaluations that will be performed in the subsequent evaluations in the years that follow. This information is presented in the Annual Report for the Year 1 Task, identified as BNL Report-81741-2008 and also designated as KAERI/RR-2931/2008. The report presents results of the statistical and trending analysis of this data and compares the results to prior aging studies. In addition, the report provides a description of U.S. current regulatory requirements, regulatory guidance documents, generic communications, industry standards and guidance, and past research related to aging degradation of SSCs. This report describes the research effort performed by BNL for the Year 2 scope of work. This research focused on methods that could be used to represent the long-term behavior of materials used at NPPs. To achieve this BNL reviewed time-dependent models which can approximate the degradation effects of the key materials used in the construction of structures and passive components determined to be of interest in the Year 1 effort. The intent was to review the degradation models that would cover the most common time-dependent changes in material properties for concrete and steel components.
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